Religious Heritage Menu Heritage and Tours Sceneries and Men History of Men Geology and Climate Landscapes Hautes-Vosges The “Plateau des Mille Etangs” Fougerolles and Val d’Ajol Valleys Ballons of Franche-Comté Vosgian Valleys Haut-Rhin Valleys Wine-growing Foothills Natural Heritage Forests High Stubble Lakes, Ponds, Peatlands Ravines, Cliffs and Scree Slopes Calcareous Grasslands Orchards Local Products and Craftsmanship Marque Parc (Park Label) Wood Cladding Mineral and Natural Spring Waters Wooden Toys Honey and Fruit Juice Wooden Furniture for Children Products Fougerolles Orchards and Kirsch Fish Farming Vosgian Cattle Breed Cheeses Small Fruit, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Alsatian Wine Smoked Meats and Andouilles Craftsmanship Textile Granite Lava Sandstone Wood industry Farm Shops Farmhouse-Inns Farm Markets Cultural Heritage Thermal Heritage Industrial Heritage Farms Country of Art and History Religious Heritage Intangible Cutural Heritage Heritage and Memory Castles Thematic Roads and Tracks Tourist Routes Barefoot Trails Treetop Adventure Park Museums and Heritage Sites Thermal Baths Environment Awareness Structures Parks and Botanical Gardens Venues for Shows, Exhibitions and Festivals At the Park Doors Colmar Belfort Lure Mulhouse Luxeuil-les-Bains Remiremont Saint-Dié-des-Vosges Nature activities Guided Walks and Discovery trails A Farm, A Hike Mountain Guides Pedestrian Hikes Club Vosgien / Club Alpin (Vosgian / Alpine Clubs) Reception Centres for Educational Stays Winter Activities Mountain Biking and Cyclo-Tourism Fishing Trail Aeromodelism Water Sports Equine Activities Climbing Skydiving Nature vacations Camping in Nature Panda Lodgings and Guesthouses Hôtels au Naturel (Hotels in Natural Settings) The Ballons des Vosges Regional Natural Park is a living territory. Very early on, Man found ways to exploit its water, wood, stone and subsoil, to develop industries and crafts. The Park’s historical background is also eventful due to the world conflicts. Colomban is a historical player in the Massif. This Irish Benedictine monk, raised in true Irish tradition, settled with 12 other monks at the foot of the Vosges Mountains in 590, first in the Valley of Breuchin; then, he went on to open two monastic cells in the Haute-Saône, in Luxeuil and Fontaine-les-Luxeuil. His disciples spread his word from South to North, and in turn established many monasteries supported by local aristocracy: Munster, Remiremont and Saint-Dié des Vosges, Lure, Murbach… lack of precision in the founding texts gradually enabled the aristocracy to take control. Vosgian valleys open to abbeys, yet controlled by secular benefactors and crisscrossed by villages and farms, prospered during several centuries. This territorial division even led to the establishment of counties in the aftermath of the French Revolution. The rupture occurred in the sixteenth century when the Alsatian nobility adopted the Reform while the Duché of Lorraine led the Catholic Counter-Reform. Even though many of these abbeys have today disappeared, religious places of interest displaying Roman, Gothic, Baroque or modern architectures can be visited, among which: Luxeuil-les-Bains, Saint-Colomban cloister and abbey, Saint-Colomban grotto and chapel in Sainte-Marie-en-Chanois, Saint-Valbert Hermitage, Abbey ruins in Munster, Murbach Abbey, Dominicains Convent, Saint Léger Church in Guebwiller, Saint Michel and Saint Gangolfe Collegiate in Lautenbach, Saint-Etienne Roman Church in Osenbach, Gueberschwihr Church, Hunawihr Church and Fortified Cemetary, Saint-Thiébaut Gothic Collegiate in Thann, Notre-Dame de Thierenbach Baroque Basilica in Jungholtz, Bertrimoutier and Provenchères-sur-Fave Churches with “bulb” bell-tower from the eighteenth century, Churches with Comtois steeples and varnished tiles in Faucogney, notably mountain chapels: Frère Joseph Hermitage in Ventron, Rudlin Chapel, Saint-Marc du Chipal Chapel in La Croix-aux-Mines… Notre-Dame du Haut Chapel by Le Corbusier in Ronchamp. But also the Saint-Pierre Chapel on the Hâte in Sainte-Maire-aux-Mines, the Reform temple in Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, etc.